Madonna Louise Ciccone is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman. She achieved popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content in mainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos, which became a fixture on MTV. Madonna is known for reinventing both her music and image, and for maintaining her autonomy within the recording industry. Often referred to as the "Queen of Pop", she is cited as an influence by numerous other artists around the world. Many of her lyrics contain innuendos and double entendre, which lead to multiple interpretations among music critics and scholars. Besides singing Madonna also know how to play drums and guitar. Various music journalists, critical theorists, and authors have deemed Madonna the most influential female recording artist of all time.